An Official publication of The Asian Congress of Neurological Surgeons (AsianCNS)

Search Article
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Advertise Subscribe Contacts Login  Facebook Tweeter
  Users Online: 855 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 785-791

Microsurgical anatomy of middle cerebral artery in Northwest Indian Population: A cadaveric brain dissection study


1 Department of Neurosurgery, MS Ramaiah Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, AIIMS, Delhi, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
4 Department of Anatomy, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
5 MBBS Student, MS Ramaiah Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
6 Department of Neurosurgery, Caritas Hospital, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rakshith Srinivasa
371, Anagha, 1st Cross, 2nd Block, R.M.V. Extension 2nd Stage, Sanjaynagar Post, Bengaluru - 560 094, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajns.ajns_189_21

Rights and Permissions

Background: Microsurgical anatomy of the Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) of the Northwest Indian population has not been described to date. A study of cadaveric brains will add to the existing knowledge of brain vessels. Objective: To study and compare the microsurgical anatomy of MCA in Northwest Indian Population with that of the available literature. Methods and Material: 15 Formalin Fixed Cadaveric brains, that is 30 vessels from its origin from Internal Cerebral Artery to M5 segment with respect to diameter, length and branching pattern were studied under high magnification (operating microscope) and the data compared with literature. Results: The main trunk of MCA was 16±3 mm long with no significant differences between both sides. Its outer diameter was 3±0.1 mm. Among the early branches 58% were destined to the temporal lobe. Distance between the origin of the early branch from MCA origin was 4±2mm on the right side and 4.5±2.5 mm on the left side. The most consistent perforating branch group was the intermediate group. The pattern of branching of the main trunk was bifurcation (73%), single trunk (10%) and trifurcation (10%). Within the bifurcation group, inferior trunk dominance was seen in 50%. Amongst the cortical branches diameter of the angular artery was largest and the temporo-polar was smallest. No significant difference in the data as compared to literature. Conclusions: The knowledge of anatomy of MCA and its variations are important for neurosurgical residents' training and neurosurgeons dealing with MCA aneurysm management or bypass surgeries.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed736    
    Printed19    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded101    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal